- Although the Spanish word arroz comes from the classic Arabic āruz, this word in turn comes from the Greek óryza, which is derived from the Sanskrit urīhi.
- Rice is one of the basic food grains in the diet of the Mexican people, together with corn, wheat, and beans.
It is one of the most important foods on the planet. Following the Spanish conquest, Mexico received it and made it part of its culinary legacy.
The plant of this grain has a cylindrical stalk. Its leaves are flat and long. It can grow up to 120 centimeters tall. Its white-green flowers cluster on the stalk forming ears of grain known as panicles.
When the husk is removed, it is said that the rice has been polished or refined. If it is left on, it is considered brown rice. The latter form is regarded as a healthier option, because it retains all the fiber.
Rice consumption provides water, carbohydrates, proteins, as well as fiber and vitamins. As a home remedy, rice is used to alleviate diarrhea.
It is one of the most typical side dishes in Mexican food. Depending on the ingredients used to prepare it, it can take on diverse colors and flavors. Red rice is made with tomatoes; green rice with poblano peppers and cilantro; if it is cooked alone, it is known as white rice.
- 32 thousand tons of paddy rice are produced in Veracruz, representing 18 percent of Mexico’s total production
- 9 of every 10 tons of exported rice go to the United States
- Mexico ranks 64th in world rice production.
- China is the largest rice producer worldwide. Some 28 percent of the rice available in the world is produced in China
- El consumo anual per cápita de arroz en México es de 8.8 kg
- Annual rice consumption per capita in Mexico is 8.8 kg.