- The word chile comes from the Nahuatl chili.
- Serrano chile was so named because it is grown in mountainous sierra zones.
A chile pepper species that is from the green chile family.
From the start, the serrano chile was cultivated in mountainous zones, such as the sierra in states including Puebla, Hidalgo, and Veracruz.
The serrano chile is a rich source of vitamins A and C. It also contributes potassium to the Mexican diet.
Mexico ranks first among green chile exporters worldwide. It is also part of the daily diet of most Mexicans.
The serrano chile is usually consumed in salsas and mole sauces or is used in chileatole (a spicy corn soup). It can also be eaten as is, whole or cut into strips and fried, or pickled in escabeche or vinegar.
- Chihuahua is the state with the highest serrano chile production in Mexico.
- The potential serrano chile yield is 50 tons per hectare nationwide.
- Each chile plant produces 1.3 kilos of chile in Mexico.
- Average chile consumption per person in Mexico is 15 kilos annually.
- Canada, Japan, Germany, and the United States are the main consumers of Mexican green chile.