- Cucumbers are botanically classed as pepos, botanical berries; hence the name pepino in Spanish, which comes from the Latin pepo, in turn borrowed from the Greek pépon
- Asia and, in particular, India is considered the heart of origin of the cucumber
The edible part of the cucumber is an immature fruit. It is in great demand because of its refreshing qualities and high water content. It is green and cylindrical—about 15 cm long. It is produced and consumed worldwide.
Cucumbers are attributed with medicinal properties: a diuretic, a tonic, and a purgative. It is widely used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries as it is a powerful cutaneous hydrator.
It is typically used in salads, aguachiles (shrimp dishes) from Sinaloa and in Mexican ceviches. It is often eaten as a snack with salt, lime, and chile powder.
- Mexico is the eighth producer of cucumbers in the world
- China is the first
- The US consumes 99% of the cucumbers that Mexico exports
- This climbing vine is grown in 28 states; Sinaloa ranks first with 42.4% of the total volume