- Mexcalli in Nahuatl or cooked maguey (agave).
- There are more than 200 mezcal agave species in Mexico.
An alcoholic beverage originally from the state of Oaxaca that comes from the stalk of the mezcal maguey or agave. The piña (“pineapple”) or head of this species is used to create the beverage.
Mezcal is one of the products from Mexico that has a designation of origin.
There are different types of mezcals that are classified depending on the type of agave used to make it. These grades of mezcal include 100% agave, añejo (aged), joven (young), and reposado (rested) mezcal.
In 2013 the value of Mexican exports reached 97 million dollars, as a result of the sale of 4.8 million liters of mezcal. Consumption of mezcal in moderation produces health benefits as an aid in digestion and improving circulatory functions.
This beverage can be enjoyed alone or in a cocktail.
- Oaxaca is the state with the highest production nationwide As a whole Mexico has some 12 thousand mezcal factories and makes 2.7 million liters per year.
- The United States, Chile, Spain, Australia, and England are the principal buyers of Mexican mezcal.
- In Oaxaca around 87 mezcal factories are registered, of which only 30 of them export their products.
- 300 trademarks have been registered in the Instituto Mexicano de la Propiedad Intelectual (Mexican Institute of Intellectual Property), as well as 1,200 Mexican distilleries.
- Mezcal exports reached 7.5 million dollars in 2013 nationwide.