Other names for this chile are alfilerillo, bravo, cola de rata, pico de paloma and sanjuanero.
It does not grow on a tree. However, the plant is so large in comparison with other chile plants, it is commonly called “tree [árbol] chile.”
The chile de árbol grows on a woody plant, much like a bush. This chile is long and thin and can measure up to 7 cm. It is green while young and red when it ripens.
It has a high vitamin A and C content.
It is used immature (green color), ripe (red) and dried (blackish color). It is mainly added to raw and cooked salsas. It is also used to season soups and stews.
- Unlike other chiles, it is used whole, without removing seeds and veins
- It has been grown since pre-Hispanic times
- The United States and Canada are the principal markets of this Mexican pepper
- The annual consumption of chile per capita in Mexico is 15 kg