- In 1542 the first blown glass factory in Mexico was established in the City of Puebla.
- The tornillos (one-liter size glass) or smaller glasses for pulque are made from hand-blown glass.
Blown glass is made by using a blowpipe to shape a glob of molten glass. In Mexico hand-blown glass pitchers, jugs, plates, and ornamental items are frequently found as decorations in homes and restaurants.
The technique used in Mexico is the same as that used in traditional sites in Europe: the artisan blows air into a glob of molten glass through a metal blowpipe and then quickly works to shape it.
There are also mechanized processes that allow mass production, albeit less artistic, refined, or beautiful.
Glass blowing as a process goes back in time to Ancient Egypt. The conquistadors brought it to Mexico and it has been adapted to local usage since the viceregal era. It is, as a matter of fact, a legacy of stained glass, which is abundantly present throughout Mexico.
Most blown glass objects related to the kitchen are produced in the states of Puebla, Jalisco, Tlaxcala, the Federal District (Mexico City), Guanajuato, and the State of Mexico. Each site has distinctive designs that reflect the color of the local culture.
Artisan glass-making techniques include:
- Blown glass
- Pressed glass
- Stretch glass