- Its origin in Mexico dates back to the viceregal period.
- On patriotic national holidays three vitroleros are set up: one with limeade, another with horchata (a sweet rice beverage), and the third with jamaica (a sweet hibiscus infusion), reproducing the colors of the Mexican flag: green, white and red, respectively.
The grinding bowl is to salsas as the vitrolero is for aguas frescas (fruit-based drinks). Vitroleros are used to keep Mexican aguas frescas cool and refreshing for long periods.
At a street stand in any market and in traditional restaurants, we can find rows of glass vitroleros—usually for 20 liters—full of these beverages in contrasting colors
Although the word is not recorded in strict Spanish dictionaries, vitrolero is a form recognizable by all Mexicans. It seems impossible to omit it from our vocabulary.
Recently some vitroleros made of plastic have begun to appear on the market. However, vitroleros (as their name, based on the word vidrio or “glass” suggests) should be made of glass.
Master glassmakers came from Europe with Antonio de Mendoza, first viceroy of New Spain, and they established their first workshops in Puebla. Later, El Crisol factory, opened in 1749 in Texcoco, became famous for its blown glass, and also for the production of vitroleros and demijohns, a tradition that it maintains as the Fábrica de Vidrio Soplado El Crisol (El Crisol Factory of Blown Glass) to the present.